Journey of the Barong Tagalog, Spanish Colonial Philippines Part 7: the Barong Mahaba. Literature 4. After 1821 the colony was governed directly from Spain. During the early Spanish colonial period art was mostly religious and not very good to be honest. The Spanish quickly organized their new colony according to their model. in 1565 between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico, then in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement in Cebu in 1565, and later established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1571. Hispanization did not spread to the mountainous center of northern Luzon, nor to the inland communities of Mindanao. In this later period, agriculture was finally opened to the European population, which before was reserved only for indigenous Filipinos. José de Basco y Vargas, following a royal order to form a society of intellectuals who can produce new, useful ideas, formally established the Spanish Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country, after the model of the Royal Basque Society. The Philippines under Spanish Colonial Regime (Part II) The Encomiendas Right given by the king of Spain to a Spaniard who had helped to facilitate the settlement of a territory. On June 19, the armada was split, with six ships sailing for the shipyard of Mindoro and the other six remaining in Manila Bay. [1] Philip became King of Spain on January 16, 1556, when his father, Charles I of Spain (who also reigned as Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor), abdicated the Spanish throne. In Europe, the Industrial Revolution spread from the United Kingdom to Spain during the period known as the Victorian era. Before the colonial times, the Philippines had primitive inhabitants. The Galleon trade brought silver from New Spain, which was used to purchase Asian goods such as silk from China, spices from the Moluccas, lacquerware from Japan and Philippine cotton textiles. In the later years of the 18th century, Governor-General Basco introduced economic reforms that gave the colony its first significant internal source income from the production of tobacco and other agricultural exports. The Dutch had twelve major vessels. The previously dominant groups resisted Spanish rule, refusing to pay Spanish taxes and rejecting Spanish excesses. Majority of the expatriates supported the leadership of del Pilar. He was one of the most loved governors-general in the Philippines because of the reforms he implemented. "islanders"). Only the third battle of 1624 resulted in a Dutch naval victory. When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images to explain the concepts behind Catholicism, to tell the stories of Christ's life and passion. ... Intramuros was the capital of the new Spanish colony of the "Felipinas" islands and was a key point on the trade route between Asia and America (Manila and Acapulco) that by means of galleons, realized the dream of Columbus that Spain could reach the West Indies. During most of the Spanish colonial period the Philippine colonial economy depended on the Galleon Trade which was inaugurated[by whom?] Composed of leading men in local and foreign scholarships and training grants in agriculture and established an academy of design. All sorts of products from China, Japan, Brunei, the Moluccas and even India were sent[by whom?] According to a column by Filipino historian Ambeth Ocampo, the earliest record of Philippine tattoo art can be seen in the Boxer Codex – a Spanish manuscript written in 1950.. Spain reigned over the Philippines for 333 years, from 1565 to 1898. since Spain was far from the country, the Spanish king ruled the Islands through the viceroy of Mexico, which was then another Spanish colony. The Asian goods, including silk, porcelain, spices, lacquerware and textile products, were then sent to Acapulco and from there to other parts of New Spain, Peru and Europe. Philippines art and architecture under Spanish Colonial Rule (1565–1898) When Mexico regained its freedom in 1821, the Spanish king ruled the Philippines through a governor general. Under the cedula system taxpayers were individually responsible to Spanish authorities for payment of the tax, and were subject to summary arrest for failure to show a cedula receipt. On the national level or social class, the King of Spain, via his Council of the Indies (Consejo de las Indias), governed through his representative in the Philippines, the Governor-General of the Philippines (Gobernador y Capitán General). Before the Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi (1502-1572) arrived in the island of Luzon in 1570, and established the colonial outpost of Manila in 1571, the area that would be known as Quezon City populated by many small farming communities of Tagalog people. When the spaniards arrived in the philippines in 1521 the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the catholic faith through beautiful images. Spanish settlement in the philippines first took place in the 1500s during the spanish colonial period of the islands. [8] In Cebu City, at the Visayas, the settlement received a total of 2,100 soldier-settlers from New Spain (Mexico). All were defeated by the Spanish and their Filipino allies by 1597. He intervened in all administrative cases pertaining to his town: lands, justice, finance and the municipal police. . After the Liberals won the Spanish Revolution of 1868, Carlos María de la Torre was sent to the Philippines to serve as governor-general (1869–1871). Named after its author, Don Antonio Maura, the Spanish Minister of Colonies at the time, the law reorganized town governments in the Philippines with the aim of making them more effective and autonomous. Spanish counterattacks drove him back and he retreated to the mountains of Balara and Morong and from there engaged in guerrilla warfare. Philippine artists in the early 20th century, the late contemporaries and artistic successors of Juan Luna and Félix Resurrección Hidalgo painted in the classical style taught by academics, specifically the Amorsolo School of the School of Fine Arts in the University of the Philippines. Features ... - The home for the arts and the Cultural Center of the Philippines was built. In retaliation to the rise of Filipino nationalism, the friars called the Indios (possibly referring to Insulares and mestizos as well) indolent and unfit for government and church positions. This type of architecture is European (but originated from Central America and not Spain) which was tweaked to suit the tropical climate of the Philippines and thereafter, had its own Filipino and unique character. -The period BEFORE the first colonizers. They reflect the range of artistic influences on the country's culture, including indigenous forms of the arts, and how these influences have honed the country's arts. SPANISH COLONIAL ART. [9] At the immediate south of Manila, Mexicans were present at Ermita[10] and at Cavite[11] where they were stationed as sentries. [citation needed] At one time, his supporters, including Padre Burgos and Joaquín Pardo de Tavera, serenaded him in front of the Malacañan Palace. Consequently, no specific provision was made for the Philippines. During the initial period of colonialization, Manila was settled by 1200 Spanish families. Governor-General Basco had opened the Philippines to this trade. See more ideas about philippines, spanish colonial, philippine. Residential areas lay around the plaza. That year the Dutch promised the natives of Mindanao that they would return in 1649 with aid in support of a revolt against the Spanish. (917) 287-1598. -Gold has peen part of Filipino accessories even BEFORE the arrival of … Spanish-Filipino forces kept the British confined to Manila. Manila was made the capital of the Philippines in 1571. NNT: 2014NICE2028. the most influential of the Illustrados' writings causing further unrest in the islands, particularly the founding of the Katipunan. In many areas, the Spanish left indigenous groups to administer their own affairs but under Spanish overlordship. The Spanish colonial strategy was to undermine the native oral tradition by substituting for it the story of the Passion of Christ (Lumbera, p. 14). To Spain, the galleon trade was the link that bound the Philippines to her. In late August Katipuneros gathered in Caloocan and declared the start of the revolution. Under the Spanish colonization, the weaving industry began to flourish making Iloilo the textile capital of the Philippines in the 1800’s. The Dutch and British both bitterly opposed it because they saw the company as a direct attack on their trade in ASia. It is estimated that there were 35 masonic lodges in the Philippines in 1893 of which nine were in Manila. Clothing and the colonial culture of appearances in nineteenth century Spanish Philippines (1820-1896). Arts in the Philippines refer to all the various forms of the arts that have developed and accumulated in the Philippines from the beginning of civilization in the country up to the present era. The Governor-General was commonly a peninsular Spaniard, a Spaniard born in Spain, to ensure loyalty of the colony to the crown or tiara. [citation needed]. See more ideas about philippines, spanish colonial, philippine. In December 1889, Marcelo H. del Pilar established, with the help of Julio Llorente, the Solidaridad in Madrid. Mining 5. In December 1898, the Treaty of Paris (1898) was signed, ending the Spanish–American War and selling the Philippines to the United States for $20 million. [15] Interactions between indigenous Filipinos and immigrant Spaniards plus Latin-Americans eventually caused the formation of a new language, Chavacano, a creole of Mexican Spanish.They depended on the Galleon Trade for a living. Music and Dance 5. Ecclesiastical governor of the islands’ suffragan dioceses, headed by bishops. Mixed Marriages, Inheritance and Succession . Houses 4. However, some of those were hung or they were enslaved. PHILIPPINE ART HISTORY PHILIPPINE ART PERIOD TIMELINE Pre-Colonial Art Period Spanish Colonial Art Period American Colonial Art Period Post War Colonial Art Period Contemporary Art Period THE OBJECTIVES OF THE TIMELINE STUDY Identify the development of the Philippine art aesthetics from its most primal to its contemporary form. The remaining Spanish forces were later betrayed by their ally, Humabon, and hastily continued their journey to the Spice Islands. Discovered by Dr. Robert B. 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