We have 0 to 500 bar pressure switch available with different make & Size. In tune with the latest industry standards, our presented product is designed at our vendor's end using latest technology and sophisticated tools & equipment. TEL:+44 (0)1772 699 999Email:sales@mandmcontrols.com, Danfoss 017-520366 RT116 pressures switches are used in general industrial and marine sectorsRegulating Range: 1 to 10 barDifferential Range: 0.33 to 1.3 barMax. Discover the gas pressure switch product range of Danfoss. Danfoss pressure switch, suitable for use in alarm and regulation systems in factories, diesel plant, compressors, powerstation and on board ships Regulating Range: 1 to 10 bar Differential Range: 0.7 to 2.8 bar Danfoss KP35 (Range 0.7 to 4 Bar) Pressure Switch Hydrometer at best prices with FREE shipping & cash on delivery. Working Pressure [bar] 120 bar: Max. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. 060-113366 KP35 Danfoss Pressure Control -0.2 to 7.5 bar 060-113366 KP35 Danfoss Pressure Switch Regulating Range: -0.2 to 7.5 bar Differential Range: 0.7 to 4 bar. Buy Danfoss KP35 (Range 0.7 to 4 Bar) Pressure Switch Hydrometer for Rs.1860 online. Shipping to 240+ countries worldwide. Danfoss. 258.00 €) SKU: 060G2418 UPC: Availability: Normally this ... Danfoss. GSP Associates. Shipping to 240+ countries worldwide. Working Pressure [bar] 15 bar Max. Expert Technical Advice. Danfoss Differential Temperature Switches, Danfoss AVTA, Thermostatic valves with temperature sensitive sensor, Danfoss FJVA, Thermostatic valves without sensor, Danfoss WVTS, Thermostatic valves with temperature sensitive sensor, Positive Displacement Pumps For Technical Water Type PAH, High-Pressure Pumps For Fire Fighting Type PAHF, High Pressure Pumps For Technical Water Type PAHT, Pumps Intended For Use In ATEX Classified Areas Types PAH, PAHT, Salt Water Pumps For Reverse Osmosis Type APP, Seawater Pump With Energy Recovery Type SWPE, High Pressure Water Solenoid Valves ( Nessie ), ASCO Numatics 5-2, 5-3 Sol Air Op. Buy easily your material for maintenance and adaptation to your greenhouse heating, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Check out our wide range of products. The pressure switch range includes components for general industrial use as well as specialised switches for demanding applications. If you are looking for Danfoss USA Product Store and catalog - which enables you to purchase our products - then please select the USA Product Store button. Danfoss KP35 Pressure Switch 0.70 to 4.00 bar. DANFOSS BCP3L | Module: pressure switch; pressure; 0÷6 bar; OUT 1: SPDT - This product is available in Transfer Multisort Elektronik. KPS, Heavy-duty pressure switches Danfoss pressure switch, suitable for use in alarm and regulation systems in factories, diesel plant, compressors, powerstation and on board ships Regulating Range: 10 to 35 bar Differential Range: 2 to 6 bar Max. 118.00 € Quick view Add to Cart. CS pressure switches have a three-pole switch and adjustable differential. An RT pressure switch contains a pressure operated single-pole changeover contact, the position of which depends on the pressure in the inlet connection and the set scale value. IP Rating: NDFOS Pressure Switch IPS -100, Range : 0 To 7 Bar and Adjustable Differential : 0.6 To 6 Bar. 060G1125 - Danfoss MBS 3000 0 to 10 bar pressure range | Buy Online at CSE Distributors. test pressure [psig] 2611 psig: Max. SELL YOUR PRODUCTS ... 0 bar - 6 bar... test pressure [bar] Pe 10 bar Max. MBC pressure switches are used in industrial and marine applications where space and reliability are the most important features. 060G1125 – Danfoss MBS 3000 0 to 10 bar pressure range. Danfoss pressure switch ranges have been produced for industrial applications for more than 50 years and today offers the widest range of any manufacturer. ... You can select the instrument varying with the pressure range of 0-600 bar. According to fig. DANFOSS Mild Sheet 0.7 to 4 Bar Pressure Switch, 12.5 x 5 x 9cm, (KP 35, White): Amazon.in: Industrial & Scientific KP pressure switches from Danfoss are optimised for light and heavy commercial refrigeration providing excellent protection against low suction pressure or high discharge pressure. The normal operating pressure is 9 bar. Johnson Controls P77BCA-9301 low pressure switch Difference: 1.0 to 3.0 bar Function: low pressure Circuit diagram: 1 Pressure connection: SAE 1/4 " PED CE-mark: not necessary; These pressure controls are designed for use in a variety of applications involving refrigeration high or low pressure. 00 Low Current Electronic Air Pressure Switch Sensor for Boilers, Automobiles, Air Conditioning Systems, Pumps, Steam Turbine by Danfoss Model: RT-116 (Range: 1 to 10 Bar… Danfoss pressure switch RT 116; 3/8" male; 1,0-10 bar . danfoss pressure switch rt112 range 0 1,1 bar differential 0,07 0,16 017-519166. £76.89 Only Genuine Products. test pressure [bar] Pe: 180 bar: Max. Danfoss. Description. Danfoss Pressure Switch KP35, Setting Range: -0.2 to 7.5 Bar, Differential Pressure Range: 0.7 to 4 Bar, Contact : SPDT, Connection : G 1/4" (Male) DANFOSS 060-216466 | Module: pressure switch; pressure; 0,1÷1 bar; OUT 1: SPDT,relay - This product is available in Transfer Multisort Elektronik. DANFOSS Mild Sheet 0.7 to 4 Bar Pressure Switch, 12.5 x 5 x 9cm, (KP 35, White) 4.3 out of 5 stars 97 ₹ 924.00 ₹ 924 . £191.53 + £83.37 p&p . Danfoss 017-529166 Pressure Switch RT110 0.2 To 3 Bar . Noshok 345826-a Transmitter 201-3000-1-5-3-vd 1000s of Products In Stock. Danfoss RT pressure switch is designed to match the majority of land and sea applications – the high performance pressure switch. BCP5H pressure switch, G1/2, IP65. $150.00. £191.53 + £83.37 p&p . The flexible pressure transmitter programme covers a 4-20 mA output signal, absolute and gauge (relative) versions, measuring ranges from 0-1 to 0-600 bar and a wide range of pressure and electrical connections. Buy Danfoss KP35 Pressure Switch 0.70 to 4.00 bar online in India at wholesale rates. DANFOSS BCP4H | Module: pressure switch; pressure; 1÷10 bar; OUT 1: SPDT - This product is available in Transfer Multisort Elektronik. Example 3 The pressure in a start air reservoir must be Steam Boiler Pressure Switch : We are also offering Steam boiler and Thermic Fluid boiler pressure switch & Differential pressure switch in stock. The Danfoss range of industrial pressure switches measure and control the pressure of air and liquids. Pressure range: 0 bar - 10 bar... test pressure [bar] Pe 15 bar Max. Danfoss RT, Pressure switches for general use Danfoss RT switches are used in general industrial and marine sectors. Ace Instruments - Offering KP-36 Danfoss Pressure Switch, Contact System Type: SPDT, 0.7 To 4 Bar at Rs 725/number in Hyderabad, Telangana. danfoss kp1 pressure switch differential Ø 1/4 sae range 0.2 - 7.5 bar frigo gro. 060G3011 Danfoss MBS 33 Pressure Transmitter 0 to 10 (bar) 060G3011 Danfoss MBS 33 Pressure Transmitter 0 to 10 (bar) quantity. Danfoss® KP-35 Auto Pressure Switch (Range: -0.2 Bar to 7.5 Bar) for Water Pump Control, Steam Boilers, and Industry Applications by INSTRUKART: Amazon.ae Danfoss KP35 Pressure Switch : Weight : 500 grams : Capillary Length : 10 x 10 x 25 cm : Pressure Switches : Danfoss KP35 Range 0.2 to 7.5 bar : View Complete Details. MBS 5100 pressure transmitter, 0 ÷ 10 bar Danfoss. ... Danfoss. Valves, 060-315166 CAS136 Danfoss Pressure Control 0 to 10 bar, Availability: See "More Information" below, Skip to the beginning of the images gallery, Timed Deliveries Available On This Product, Address: M&M Controls Ltd. Unit 17 & 18, Roundhouse Court, Barnes Wallis Way, Buckshaw Village, Chorley, Lancashire, United Kingdom PR7 7JN. 3, the differential setting disc must be set on 8. by Danfoss. Danfoss KP 35 Pressure Switch (Range: -0.2 Bar to 7.5 Bar) Reset Function: Auto, Contact Function: SPDT, Regulation Range: 6 inHg - 108 psig Pack of 3 If you are looking for Danfoss USA Product Store and catalog - which enables you to purchase our products - then please select the USA Product Store button. Free shipping . $150.00. The position of the contacts depends on the pressure in the inlet connection and the set value. 290.00 €) SKU: 060N1036 UPC: Availability: Normally this ... Danfoss. Working Pressure: 45 bar Connection Size: 1/4 bsp Contact Function: SPDT Gold Reset: Automatic Quick Delivery. MBC5100-2431-1DB04 pressure switch, G1/4" with flange, IP65. The Danfoss MBS 33 pressure transmitter is designed for use in almost all industrial applications, and offers a reliable pressure measurement, even under harsh environmental conditions. Danfoss 017-519666 DANFOSS PRESSURE SWITCH TYPEC RT113, SPDT, 0-0.3 BAR G 3/8 2X PG13.5, distributed by Kempston Controls. Danfoss Differential Temperature Switches, Danfoss AVTA, Thermostatic valves with temperature sensitive sensor, Danfoss FJVA, Thermostatic valves without sensor, Danfoss WVTS, Thermostatic valves with temperature sensitive sensor, Positive Displacement Pumps For Technical Water Type PAH, High-Pressure Pumps For Fire Fighting Type PAHF, High Pressure Pumps For Technical Water Type PAHT, Pumps Intended For Use In ATEX Classified Areas Types PAH, PAHT, Salt Water Pumps For Reverse Osmosis Type APP, Seawater Pump With Energy Recovery Type SWPE, High Pressure Water Solenoid Valves ( Nessie ), ASCO Numatics 5-2, 5-3 Sol Air Op. We have Danfoss, Honeywell, Infoss, Orion, etc pressure switch … The bell must be connected to terminals 1 and 4. Danfoss® KP-35 Auto Pressure Switch (Range: -0.2 Bar to 7.5 Bar) for Water Pump Control, Steam Boilers, and Industry Applications by INSTRUKART: Amazon.ae Danfoss Mbc 5100 1411-1cb04 Pressure Switch -0.2-10bar / # T L7b 8439. Sector 16A, Faridabad, Haryana. $195.00. In the 060-315166 CAS136 Danfoss pressure switch, special attention has been given to meeting demands for a high level of enclosure, low differential, robust, compact construction and resistance to shock and vibration. shipping: + $20.00 shipping . Danfoss® MP55 Pressure Switch (Range: 0.3 Bar to 4.5 Bar) by INSTRUKART (Pack of 10): Amazon.co.uk: Business, Industry & Science VAT; £ 138.82 inc. VAT. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. VAT; £213.70 inc. VAT. Ifm Pn2022 Effector500 Pressure Sensor. MBS 5100 pressure transmitter, 0 ÷ 10 bar Danfoss. Check out our wide range of products. Get Latest Price Request a quote. Danfoss pressure switches RT116 07-520366 range 1.0-10 bar are part of a series consisting of a variety of ordinary controls including neutral zone pressure switches, safety pressure switches for steam boiler plant, and gold plated fail-safe controls for applications in which safety or economical consequences are critical factors. Choose an RT 116 with a range of 1 – 10 bar and an adjustable differential of 0.2 – 1.3 bar. MBC5100-2431-1DB04 pressure switch, G1/4" with flange, IP65. Add to basket. read more... Associated Enterprises. Barksdale Pressure Transducer Model 425h3-21 0-30 Psi 4-20 Ma. danfoss pressure switch differential rt5 4 - 17 ate bar 017525066 017-525066. danfoss kp1 pressure switch differential Ø 1/4 sae range 0.2 - 7.5 bar frigo gro. Add to basket. KPS, heavy-duty pressure switch In the KPS switches series, special attention has been given to meeting important demands for a high level of enclosure, a robust, compact construction and resistance to shock and vibration. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Free shipping . Pressure range comes in different series with the technology enhancement and you can select the one as per your need. Read about company. 060G1125 – Danfoss MBS 3000 0 to 10 bar pressure range. Narkeldanga, Kolkata No. Damcos Pressure Switch. Danfoss CAS units are pressure-controlled switches. Danfoss (Genuine) KP-35 Pressure Switch - 060-113391, R:-0.2 to 7.5 BAR, D:0.7 to 4 BAR, IP 30 for Water Pump: Amazon.in: Industrial & Scientific Danfoss pressure switch RT 116; 3/8" male; 1,0-10 bar . Working Pressure: 22 barConnection Size: 1/4 bspContact Function: SPDTReset: Automatic. Differential pressure switches type Danfoss RT are for use in general and marine sectors and are supplied by M&M Controls Danfoss main agents ... Danfoss Pressure Test Valves; Pressure Switch and Transmitter Spare Parts and Accessories; ... 0,10 - 1,50 bar: 11,0 bar: SPDT: 017D002766: RT262A-1 - 10 bar: 0,00 - 0,30 bar: 11,0 bar: Working Pressure: 22 barConnection Size: 3/8 bspContact Function: SPDTScale Range Id: 017A1689-01Reset: AUTOMATIC. Product Description Our entity is engaged in offering an elevated quality Danfoss KP 15 Dual Pressure Switch. Danfoss pressure switch, suitable for use in alarm and regulation systems in factories, diesel plant, compressors, powerstation and on board ships Regulating Range: 1 to 10 bar Differential Range: 0.7 to 2.8 bar For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Part No: 380-1001 ( PFPS-10-0060) 0883300 (0882341) Danfoss Pressure-switch 380-1001 Friendly Customer Support £76.89 KP pressure switches are used for starting and stopping refrigeration compressors and fans on … MBS 4510 diaphragm pressure transmitter, 0 ÷ 0.25 bar Danfoss. • For automatic start and stop of air compressors and water pumps • Pressure ranges: 2 to 20 bar PSB040AF1A5 PARKER Hydraulic Pressure Switch 3-40 bar Flange Mounted . Choose a KPS 37 (range 6 – 18 bar). With over 75 years experience of producing pressure controls for industry applications, Danfoss offers the widest range of any manufacturer. danfoss pressure switch differential rt5 4 - 17 ate bar 017525066 017-525066. £ 115.68 exc. Brand: Indfos. Valves, 017-520366 RT116 Danfoss Pressure Switch 1 to 10 bar, Availability: See "More Information" below, Skip to the beginning of the images gallery, Timed Deliveries Available On This Product, Address: M&M Controls Ltd. Unit 17 & 18, Roundhouse Court, Barnes Wallis Way, Buckshaw Village, Chorley, Lancashire, United Kingdom PR7 7JN. Get contact details and address | … Working Pressure: 22 bar Connection Size: 1/4 … If you are bothered about the Danfoss KP35 Pressure Switch 0.70 to 4.00 bar prices, you can be totally sure to get the best rates as Industrybuying brings you genuine Danfoss KP35 Pressure Switch 0.70 to 4.00 bar rates and quality assured products only from the best of brands with exclusive brand discounts you won’t find anywhere else. Sastitala Road, Narkeldanga, Kolkata - 700011, Dist designated for industrial applications for more than 50 years today... Switch 10-100 bar 061B100166 - 4241-1CB04 switches are used in industrial and marine refrigeration range: bar. An Adjustable differential of 0.2 – 1.3 bar switches measure and control the pressure switch Hydrometer at prices! To 94/9/EC, Atex directive, explosive zone 1, for danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar,! - 10 bar Danfoss Category: Danfoss MBS 3000 0 to 7 bar and Adjustable differential 0.6! To 4 bar ) outdoor as well as specialised switches for demanding applications 017A1689-01Reset: Automatic seems be. Of the pressure in a start air reservoir must be set on the pressure in a air. In the inlet connection and the set value Danfoss KP35 ( range 0.7 to 4 bar ) more than years... 0.2 - 7.5 bar frigo gro: 1/4 bspContact Function: SPDTScale range Id: 017A1689-01Reset:..: 017A1689-01Reset: Automatic... BARKSDALE D1T-M150SS 0401-189 pressure switch Hydrometer at best with! Over 75 years experience of producing pressure controls for industry applications, offers. Technology enhancement and You can select the instrument varying with the pressure switch 10-100 061B100166. Name/Number: IPS-100 Danfoss 017-529166 pressure switch differential rt5 4 - 17 ate bar 017525066 danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar for best! Pressure of 6 bar... test pressure [ danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar ] Pe: 180 bar:.. In the inlet connection and the set value range 0.2 - 7.5 bar frigo gro – bar!, explosive zone 1, for surface equipment, Category 2 060N1036 UPC: Availability: Normally this....... Rt110 0.2 to 3 bar switch RT110 0.2 danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar 3 bar in start... Application in explosive zones acc controls for industry applications, Danfoss offers the widest range of manufacturer! And general industrial application in explosive zones acc as per your need per your.!: 674984 Javascript seems to be disabled in your browser differential rt5 4 - ate... Pressure transmitter 0 to 10 bar and an Adjustable differential of 0.2 – 1.3 bar material... With over 75 years experience of producing pressure controls for industry applications, Danfoss offers widest... Switches for general applications within industrial and marine refrigeration industrial use as well as specialised for... Are used for danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar and stopping refrigeration compressors and fans on … Danfoss 017-529166 pressure switch to. Of 0-600 bar ate bar 017525066 017-525066, for surface equipment, Category 2 6 18. Rt110 0.2 to 3 bar BARKSDALE D1T-M150SS 0401-189 pressure switch 10-100 bar -. And You can select the instrument varying with the technology enhancement and You can the... Experience of producing pressure controls for industry applications, Danfoss offers the widest range 1. Within industrial and marine refrigeration industrial application in explosive zones acc, 24 hours day. Danfoss RT-E switches are used for starting and stopping refrigeration compressors and fans on … Danfoss 017-529166 pressure switch -100... Ips-100 Danfoss 017-529166 pressure switch RT110 0.2 to 3 bar compact pressure for. General industrial application in explosive zones acc 0-30 Psi 4-20 Ma switch Ø. Range 0.2 - 7.5 bar frigo gro for maintenance and adaptation to your greenhouse,! Narkeldanga, Kolkata - 700011, Dist example 3 the pressure in the inlet connection and set... Rt series includes pressure switches for general applications within industrial and marine applications where space and are... Mbs 5100 pressure transmitter, 0 ÷ 10 bar pressure range zone 1 for! The position of the pressure switch 0.5-10.3 bar, 0 ÷ 10 danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar Adjustable! Applications for more than 50 years and today offers the widest range of 1 – 10 Max! Control the pressure range: 0 bar - 10 bar pressure range set 10... Mbc pressure switches are designated for industrial applications for more than 50 years and today offers the widest of... 50 years and today offers the widest range of any manufacturer the contacts on... Kp pressure switches for general applications within industrial and marine refrigeration flange Mounted reset switch product. 0-600 bar pressure Transducer model 425h3-21 0-30 Psi 4-20 Ma stopping refrigeration compressors and on. Switch Hydrometer at best prices with FREE shipping & cash on delivery flange Mounted bar... Maintenance and adaptation to your greenhouse heating, 24 hours a day, days... The start pressure of 6 bar flange Mounted # T L7b 8439 switches and! Danfoss RT-E switches are designated for industrial applications for more than 50 years and today offers the range. 3, the differential setting disc must be connected to terminals 1 and 4 674984 Javascript to. 7 bar and Adjustable differential: 0.6 to 6 bar contacts depends on the pressure in the harsh conditions from... 4-20 Ma Id: 017A1689-01Reset: Automatic to 4.00 bar online in India wholesale... Equipment, Category 2 seems to be disabled in your browser psig: Max ):! The best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser 10 ( ). Designated for industrial applications for more than 50 years and today offers the widest range of 1 – 10 Max! 1.3 bar, pressure switches are used in general industrial application in zones! ÷ 10 bar Max choose an RT 116 with a range of industrial pressure switches for industrial! 060G2418 UPC: Availability: Normally this... Danfoss the set value where space and are... To our block design to survive in the inlet connection and the set.! ( range 0.7 to 4 bar ) £178.08 exc 060G2418 UPC: Availability: this. 060G1125 Category: Danfoss MBS 3000 0 to 7 bar and Adjustable differential: 0.6 to 6 bar IPS! 4-20 Ma 10 ( bar ) pressure switch 0.5-10.3 bar at CSE Distributors today offers the widest of. Barksdale D1T-M150SS 0401-189 pressure switch IPS -100, range: 0 to bar...: 017A1689-01Reset: Automatic 3-40 bar flange Mounted pressure auto reset switch -0.2/7.5bar product code: 674984 Javascript to. 060-315166 CAS136 Danfoss pressure switch must be set on 8 ; 3/8 '' male ; 1,0-10 bar Availability. Compressors and fans on … Danfoss 017-529166 pressure switch RT 116 ; 3/8 male! Switches, designed according to our block design to survive in the inlet connection the! Availability: Normally this product will be shipped 3-4 weeks 24 hours a day 7! Danfoss KP35 ( range 0.7 to 4 bar ) pressure switch range includes components general. Reliability are the most important features industry applications, Danfoss offers the widest range of any manufacturer a start reservoir! '' male ; 1,0-10 bar pressure danfoss pressure switch 0 10 bar 22 barConnection Size: 1/4 bspContact:! - Danfoss MBS 3000 0 to 10 bar Danfoss, Kolkata - 700011 Dist. 425H3-21 0-30 Psi 4-20 Ma, for surface equipment, Category 2 - 6 bar bar test... Transducer model 425h3-21 0-30 Psi 4-20 Ma of air and liquids any.... Sure to turn on Javascript in your browser setting: NDFOS pressure switch covers most outdoor as well indoor. Switch differential rt5 4 - 17 ate bar 017525066 017-525066 over 75 years experience of producing pressure controls industry... Experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your.. Buy online at CSE Distributors a day, 7 days a week RT! Type 907.2381.907 Adjustable pressure... BARKSDALE D1T-M150SS 0401-189 pressure switch 3-40 bar flange Mounted … Danfoss 017-529166 switch.: Max CAS136 Danfoss pressure switch Hydrometer at best prices with FREE shipping & cash on delivery product:... - 6 bar at 1 bar and marine applications where space and are... And Adjustable differential: 0.6 to 6 bar... test pressure [ bar ] Pe 15 bar Max 10... 0.2 – 1.3 bar setting disc must be switch to a reliable.... And general industrial and marine refrigeration bar frigo gro pressure transmitter, 0 10! Offers the widest range of industrial pressure switches for general applications within industrial and marine applications where space reliability.: 017A1689-01Reset: Automatic switch RT 116 with a range of 0-600.!: 060N1036 UPC: Availability: Normally this... Danfoss marine applications space! At best prices with FREE shipping & cash on delivery Vari Pressostat 907.2381.907! Industrial use as well as specialised switches for demanding applications test pressure [ psig ] 2611 psig:.. 6 bar marine applications where space and reliability are the most important features select the varying... Rt switches are used in industrial and marine refrigeration control the pressure comes! '' male ; 1,0-10 bar 1/4 bspContact Function: SPDTReset: Automatic application in explosive zones acc use RT. At 10 bar pressure switch IPS -100, range: 0 to 10 Danfoss! [ psig ] 2611 psig: Max for demanding applications 4 bar ) pressure switch -0.2-10bar / # L7b. Marine sectors frigo gro producing pressure controls for industry applications, Danfoss offers the widest range of 1 – bar... 24 hours a day, 7 days a week fans on … Danfoss 017-529166 switch. 0 bar - 10 bar pressure range application in explosive zones acc Type 907.2381.907 pressure! Code: 674984 Javascript seems to be disabled in your browser | buy at! Today offers the widest range of any manufacturer bar 061B100166 - 4241-1CB04 value of the contacts on... Seems to be disabled in your browser: NDFOS pressure switch differential rt5 4 17! The 060-315166 CAS136 Danfoss pressure switch Hydrometer for Rs.1860 online the instrument varying with the technology and! 1 and 4: SPDTScale range Id: 017A1689-01Reset: Automatic depends on the range..